Za'faran. Saffron. Crocus sativus L.

Imported from Egypt. Stigmas used as spice, flavouring agent, stomachic, anti-spasmodic, and amulet.

Za'tar. Thyme. Thymus vulgaris L.

Herbal plant imported from Syria. Whole herb; flowers: used as mouth wash, and in treating flatulence, colic, chest complaints, and as spice, and flavouring agent.

Zabad Malih. Cuttle-fish bone.

Imported from Egypt; powdered and mixed with kohl. Used in treating eye inflammation.

Zabadi. yoghourt.

Fermented milk, the overgrowth of Lactobacillus acidophilus protects against bacterial contamination.

Zabib Hindi.  Unidentified taxonomic name.

Imported from India through Egypt. Fruits in water used as laxative and purgative.

Zabib and Inab. Grapes; rasins. Vitis vinifera.

Fruit used as food.

Zahara. Washing Blue.

Drunk as abortifacient.

Zaibaq. Mercury Zinc.

Obtained from Egypt and India. Constituents: Mercury; scented and used to destroy lice, or mixed with sand and placed on grain as pests repelent.

Zait Al-Ni'am. Ostrich fat.

Used in relaxing contractures, in massage, in treating joints affections, and sprains.

Zait Samak. Fish oil.

Used as anti-cough.

Zait Sandaliya. Crude sandal oil.

Imported from India as an ingredient in perfume. Used in massage.

Zait Simsim; Zait Al-Walad, and Zait Wad Al-'Assara. Oil; Sesame oil.

Used in treating ear disease, chest complaints, splenic enlargement, headache, skin disease, as drug carrier, laxative, purgative, styptic, in massage, in dressing of wounds, and as anti-cough.

Zangabil and Ganzabil. Ginger. Zingiber officinalis Roscoe.

An imported plant. The root-stock with hot taste. Rhizome used as beverage, in treating joints affections, common cold, chest complaints, and heartburn, and as anti-cough.


A recipe local to Darfur. Used as aphrodisiac.

Zarnikh. Arsenic.

Used in treating lymph adenitis (khanazir).

Zirri'a. Sorghum malt.

Dried sprouting dura grains. Used in treating diarrhoea, and as fertility symbol.