A local brownish powdered earth obtained from Jebel Medab, Darfur. Dug out of shallow lake in a volcano crater called Malha. Kababish and Kawahla Arabs add to water for cattle to make them fat. Constituents: Common Salt, Sodium Sulphate, Sodium Bicarbonate, Iron Oxide, Calcium Carbonate and Sodium Carbonate. Used as laxative, purgative, in treating burning micturition, swellings, tonsillitis, splenic enlargement, abdominal disorders, and as animal food, and is recognized to be poisonous.

Jawli.  Unidentified taxonomic name.

Imported from India. Resin sold in bricks, and made by heating resin in water. Used as fumigation ingredient.

Jawwafa. Guava. Psidium guajava L.

Fruits and leaves used in treating diarrhoea, fever, malaria, as alcohol beverages substrate, and as food.

Jild Hirbaa. Cameleon's skin.

Used as fumigation ingredient in treating fever.

Jild Qunfut. Hedgehog's skin.

Used as fumigation ingredient in treating fever.

Jir Al-Rawwaq. Clarifying lime.

Constituents: mainly montmorillonite, mica, calcite, kaolinite, and traces of feldspar, pyrite. Suspension added to turbid water to purify it.


Sour milk stew.

Joghan and Abu Sibla.  Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst.

A grey tomentose tree. Root used in treating leprosy.

Joicputch (Mandari).  

Small bushy plant. Reported in Buxton J. Religion and Healing in Mandari. Oxford University Press 1973:422, 425. Parts used: root (pounded in water). Used as laxative and purgative.


Skins and hydes of animals are sometimes eaten. Raw hyde buried in mud to ferment until hair comes off, then striped, sun-dried, and cooked. This practice is seen in Tse-Tse fly belt of Equatoria Region of Southern Sudan. Raw hyde eating is also seen during marisa drinking occasions in Nuba Mountains.