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C.A.W. Al-Teb. Sudan Notes and Records. 1921;4:162.

C.W.G. Fossil Bones. Sudan Notes and Records. 1920;3:[Note],131.

Cacciapuoti R. Medicina e Farmacologia Indigena in Etiopia. Rassegna Di Studi Etiopici. 1941;1:322-329.

Cailliand F; Voyage a'Meroe et au Fleuve Blanc Dans les Annes. 1819,1820,1821, et 1822. Paris: 1926;vol 2:pages 240-41, 336-37.

Calegari G. Malattie Medicine, Stregenerie Degli Acholi. Nigrizia. 1936:173-178, 192-93.

Calegari G. Malattie Medicine, Stregenerie Degli Acholi. Nigrizia. 1937:14-15, 44-45.

Callener C, Al-Guindi F; Life-Crisis Rituals Among the Kenuz. Ohio: The Press of Case Western Reserve University; 1971.

Cann GP. A day in the life of an idle Shilluk. Sudan Notes and Records. 1928;11:251-253.

Carlson DS. Hyperostotic Cranial Lesions and Anaemia in Pre-historic Nubia. 1972.

Casari CL. Esculapio Selvazzio. Nigrizia. 1925:103-108.

Castle-Smith H. Religious Practices in Rejaf District. Sudan Notes and Records. 1928;11:227-8.

Cavendish MW. The Custom of Placing Pebbles on Nubian Graves. Sudan Notes and Records. 1966;47:151.

Cederblad M. A child psychiatric study on Sudanese Arab children. Acta Psychiatric Scandinavica. 1968;Suppl. 200, Munksgaard, Copenhagen.

Cederblad M, Baasher TA; A Child Psychiatric Study on Sudanese Arab Children. Copenhagen: Munksgaard; 1968.

Cederblad M, Rahim SIA. Effects of rapid urbanisation on child behaviour and health in a part of Khartoum. Social Science & Medicine. 1986;22:713-21.

Central Records Department, Graphic Museum (Civisec. 44 T10).

Central Records Office; Circumcision of Sudanese Women. Khartoum: Civisec 44/2/12.

Cerulli E; Etiopia Occidentale. 1933:pages 34-7.

Cerulli E. Zar. Encyclopaedia of Islam. 1936;4.

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Chalmers AJ. Two 18th Century Treatise on Tropical Medicine. Proc. Soc. 1917;7:98.

Chapman A; Savage Sudan: its wild tribes, big game and bird life. London: 1921.

Chaudhari AQ. Toxicological Problems in Animals. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 1969;10:155-171.

Chavunduka G. Witchcraft and the Low. delivered at: 1980:129-47.

Cheesman WI. Census Superstitions. Sudan Notes and Records. 1919;2:146-47.

Chevalier A; Etudes sur la Flore de L'Afrique Centrale Francaise. Paris: Challamel Editeur; 1913.

Chiovenda E; La Cooerione Botanica Futta Dall' Ingegner Edgard Taschdyan Nell' Impero Etiopico Nel 35-37.  Malpighia. 34; 1939:485-539.

Chiovenda E. Le Piante Racolte Dal Dr Nello Beccari In Eritrea. Giornale Botanico Italiano N.s. 1919;26:89-114.

Chiovenda E. Piante Racolte dal dr Paolo Rovesti.

Chiovenda E; Raccolte Botaniche (Embryophita diplodalia) Falte Dalla Missione Della Consloata Nel Keya. In: Modena R. Orto Botanico. Tipografia Ferraguti; 1935.

Chiovenda E. L'Utilizzezione della Flora Spontenea nelle Nostre Colonie. Atti. Soc. Ital. Progr. Sc. Riun. 1937;4:335-366.

Christie JW; Medical Missionary to Africa. New York: Vantage Press; 1966.

Christopherson JB. Circular letter from J.B.C. to medical officers and replies on tribal markings, earth eaters, tatooing, from Drs (Ghosu) and Selim Saigh, Dr. Asad Karam, Dr. Khouri, Ali Canami, Dr. Rasi, Dr. Maaloof, Dr. Sughayer, Dr. Haddad (H-Sooadi). 1908, March 28-1908, June 30.

Christopherson JB. Description of Sudanese native remedies in the Mahdi's and Khalifa's time in Omdurman including account by Ahmad Sharfi.

Christopherson JB. Dress in the Tropics. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1930;33:201.

Christopherson JB. Earth Eating in the Egyptian Sudan. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1910;13:3.

Christopherson JB. Mutilation. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasit. 1914;8:129.

Christopherson JB. National Outlook in Tropical Medicine. Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 1928;22:115.

Christopherson JB. Notebook with notes on tattooing.

Christopherson JB. Notebook with notes on tribal markings and photographs.

Christopherson JB. Sudanese Medicines and customs (notes on native remedies and surgery, written at the request of J.B.C. by various medical officers, Maloof, Sanitary Barber, Al Kamar, K.M. Kawry, M. Zugayar, W.B. Haddad, H.R. Sooad, M. Malouf, Tawfih Rassim, (Hossain Jehr) J. Maschariff (parts of the replies to letter of 28 March 1908). May 19th October 19??

Christopherson JB. Tribal Markings (photographs).

Churchill SWS; The River War: An account of the reconquest of the Sudan. Eyre & Spottiswoode; 1949.

Cipriani L. Sui Berta, Coma e Mao Dell' Ovest Etiopico.  Rassagna Di Studi Etiopici. 1942;2:273-276.

Civil Secretary. Statement on Mahmoud Muhammad Taha Refusal to Work. Jaridat Al-Rai Al-'Am. June 26, 1946.

Clark I. The Zar. Sudanow. January;1978:65-7.

Clark I, Diaz C. Female Circumcision: A Slow Change in Attitudes. Sudanow. 1977:43-45.

Clark WT. Manners, Customs, and Beliefs of the Northern Beja. Sudan Notes and Records. 1938;21:1-30.

Cloudsley A. Women of Omdurman: Life, Love and the Virginity Cult. Ethnographia; 1983.

Cloudsley-Thompson JL; Animal Conflict and Adaptation in Relation to Human Conflict. In: Stuart Mudd, Editor. Conflict Resolution and World Education. World Academy of Art and Science; 1966:143-155.

Cloudsley-Thompson JL; Life in Deserts. London: G.T. Foulis and Co.; 1964.

Collett M. A Study of Twelfth and Thirteenth Dynasty Skulls from Kerma (Nubia). Biometrica. 1933;25:254-84.

Colley WM. Snakes in Geneina. Sudan Notes and Records. 1946;27:213.

Constantinides PM; The history of zar in the Sudan: theories of origin, recorded observation and oral tradition. Lewis IM, Ahmad Al-Safi, Sayyid Hamid Hurreiz, editors. Women's Medicine: The Zar-Bori Cult in Africa and Beyond. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press; 1991:83-99.

Constantinides PM; Ill at Ease and Sick at Heart: Symbolic Behavior in a Sudanese Healing Cult. In: Lewis IM, Editor. Symbols and Sentiments: Cross-Cultural Studies in Symbolism. London: 1977.

Constantinides PM. Sickness and the Spirits: a Study of the Zaar Spirit Possession Cult in the Northern Sudan. Unpublished: London University; 1972. Ph.D. Thesis.

Constantinides PM. Women Heal Women: Spirit Possession and Sexual Segregation in a Muslim Society. Social Science & Medicine. 1985;21:685-692.

Constantinides PM; Women's Spirit Possession and Urban Adaptation. In: Caplan P, Bujra JM, Editors. Women United, Women Divided: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Female Solidarity. London: Tavistock; 1978.

Conti Rossini C. Studi su Popolazioni Dell' Etiopia. Riv. Studi Orientali. 1914;6:365-425.

Cook R. Damage to Physical Health from Pharaonic Circumcision: a review of the literature. East Mediterranean Regional Office Seminar: February 10, 1979-February 15, 1979; Khartoum.

Cooke RC. Bari rain cults. Sudan Notes and Records. 1939;22:181-203.

Cooke RC. Bari Womb surgery. Sudan Notes and Records. 1945:356.

Corbyne EN. Pilgrimage. Lancet. 1945;2:244.

Corfield FD. The Koma. Sudan Notes and Records. 1938;21:124-165.

Coriat P. Gwek, the Witchdoctor and the Pyramid of Dengkur. Sudan Notes and Records. 1939;22:221-39.

Corkill NL. Ascorbutic Diet in a Nile Cataract Community. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 43:293.

Corkill NL. Ascorbutic Value of Sudan Food. Sudan Notes and Records. 1949;30:135.

Corkill NL. Biting and Poisoning by the Mole Viper of the Genus Atractaspis. Trans. Roy. Soc. Med. Hyg. 1959;53:95.

Corkill NL. Diet. J. E. Afr. 1949;19:1.

Corkill NL. Dietary Changes in a Sudanese Village After Locust Visitation. Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1949;43:295.

Corkill NL. Egyptian Cobra. Sudan Notes and Records. 1945;26:338.

Corkill NL; The Feeding of Sudanese Infants. Khartoum: Sudan Medical Service; 1946.

Corkill NL. A Kadugli Cobra Trap. Sudan Notes and Records. 1935;18:131.

Corkill NL. The Kambala and other seasonal festivals of the Kadugli and Meri Nuba. Sudan Notes and Records. 1939;22:205-219.

Corkill NL. Malnutrition and poisoning in the Sudan. 1948;42:613.

Corkill NL. Malnutrition in Sudanese Millet Eaters. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1950;53:125.

Corkill NL. Millet beer and peanuts as protective foods in Africans. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1948;51:140.

Corkill NL. Millet beer and peanuts as protective foods in polyhypo-vitaminosis. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1948;51:160.

Corkill NL. Notes on Sudan Snakes. Sudan Notes and Records. 1935;18:243.

Corkill NL. Pellagra in the Sudan. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1934;37:117, 196, 214, 245, 265.

Corkill NL. Poisoning by the Sudan Mole Viper Atractaspis Microlipidoa. Trans. Roy. Soc. Med. Hyg. 1954;48:376.

Corkill NL. The Poisonous Wild Cluster Yam. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 1948;42:278.

Corkill NL; Possession with Devils.

Corkill NL. Seasonal Dietary in a Sudanese Desert Community. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1954;57:257.

Corkill NL. Snake Stories from Kordofan. Sudan Notes and Records. 1935;18:243.

Corkill NL. Snakes. Sudan Notes and Records.  1949;30:101.

Corkill NL. Sudan Foods. Sudan Notes and Records. 1948;29:126.

Corkill NL; Sudan Medical Service. Khartoum: Sudan Medical Service; 1946: 1.

Corkill NL. Traps. J. Roy. Anthrop. Inst. 1943;73:107.

Corkill NL. Vipers. Sudan Notes and Records.  1945;26:254.

Corkill NL, Kirk R. The Venom of Rhinoceros Viper Batis Masocornus. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1946;49:9.

Corkill TL; Taghziat Al-tifl Al-Sudani. Sudan Medical DepartmentKhartoum: McCorquodale; 1946: 1.

Cornforth JW, Henry AJ. The Presence of cis- and trans-3-hydroxy-stachydrine in the Fruit of Courbonia virgata. J. Chem. Soc. 1952;107:597-601.

Corso R. Sopravvienze di Biologica Primitiva Presso i Popoli dell' A.O.I. Rivista Di Biologia Coloniale. 1938;1.

Cortivo G. Veleno e Controveleno in Africa. Nigrizia. 1941:124.

Council of the Church of Scotland Mission.  Boston, Mass, USA: African Library, Boston University; 1931.

Cramer H. Dealing With Illness: Results of a Survey in Karo Karo Village on the Role of Traditional and Modern Medicine. Nyala; 1988.

Crawford OGS. People without a History. Antiquity. 1948:8-12.

Crazzolara JP. The African Explains Witchcraft (Nuer). Africa. 1935;8:504-509.

Crazzolara JP. Die Bedeung des Rindes Bei Den Nuer. Africa. 1934;7:300-320.

Crazzolara JP. Die Gar Zerimonie Bei Den Nuer. Africa. 1932;5:28-35.

Crispin ES. Port Sudan, its Climate and Sanitation. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1907;10:329.

Cromer E; Modern Egypt. London: 1906.

Crossland C. Comfort and Health in the Tropics. Sudan Notes and Records. 1919;2:198.

Crossland C. Comfort and Health in the Tropics. Sudan Notes and Records. 1920;3:79.

Crossland C. Notes from Dongonab (Red Sea). Sudan Notes and Records. 1918;1:216.

Crossland C. Sign of the Cross. Sudan Notes and Records. 1918;1:216.

Crowfoot GM. Flowering Plants of the Northern and Central Sudan. Sudan Notes and Records. 1929;12:116.

Crowfoot GM; Flowering Plants of the Northern and Central Sudan. 1929.

Crowfoot JW. Angels of the Nile (Banat Al-hu). Sudan Notes and Records. 1919;2:183-194.

Crowfoot JW. Beliefs about the Mansions of the Moon. Sudan Notes and Records. 1920;3:270-279.

Crowfoot JW. Customs of the Rubatab. Sudan Notes and Records. 1918;1:119-134.

Crowfoot JW. Notes from Khartoum Province. Sudan Notes and Records. 1918;1:55.

Crowfoot JW. Wedding Customs in the Northern Sudan. Sudan Notes and Records. 1922;5:1-28.

Cruickshank A; The Birth of a Leper Settlement-Li Rangu. 1932.

Cruickshank A; The Kindling Fire: Medical adventure in the Southern Sudan. London: Heineman; 1962.

Cruickshank A. Notes on the Health of the Sudn Prior to the Present Government. Sudan Notes and Records. 1942;25:165-167.

Culwick GM; Diet in the Gezira Irrigated Area, Sudan. Sudan Survey Department; 1951: No. 304.

Culwick GM; A dietary survey among the Zande of the South East Sudan. Khartoum, Sudan: Khartoum Agricultural Publications Committee; 1950.

Culwick GM; Social Factors Affecting Diet. in. Food and Society in the Sudan. Philosophical Society of the Sudan, Khartoum: 1954.

Culwick GM. Some problems of social survey in the Sudan. Sudan Notes and Records. 35:110-131.

Cummins SL. Notes on Sudanese Tribes of the White Nile.  J. Roy. Army Med. Corps. 1904;3:489-504.

Cummins SL. Primitive Tribes and Tuberculosis. Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1912;5:245.

Cummins SL. Virgin Soil. British Medical Journal. 1929;2:39.

Cunnison I. Changing Relations of Anthropology and Administration in the Sudan. Sudan Journal of Development Research. 1977;1:1-25.

Cunnison I. Chech Name.

Cunnison I. The Position of Women Among the Humur. Sudan Society. 1963;2.

Cunnison I. Taqadum Al-Abhath Al-Anthropologiya fi Al-Sudan [Arabic]. Sudan Society. 1965;3:7-14.