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Babiker AK. Pharmacological and Phytochemical Studies on the Sudanese Medicinal Plans Randia Nilotica Stapf. and Grewia Villosa Willd. University of Wales; 1980. Ph.D. Pharmacognosy.

Babiker Badri Scientific Association for Women Studies.  Khartoum: Babiker Badri Scientific Association for Women Studies, P.O. Box 167, Omdurman; 1981.

Babiker Badri Scientific Association for Women Studies.  Khartoum: Babiker Badri Scientific Association for Women Studies, P.O. Box 167, Omdurman; 1984.

Babiker Bashir. Newly developed dehydrated products. Sudan Journal of Food Science and Technnology. 1977;9:47-51.

Babiker Bashir. Ya 'Ain Ya 'Aniyya. Majallat Soat Al-Marr'a. 1957:21.

Babiker Fadl Allah. A Study of Acacia Seyal Del. in the Sudan. University of Khartoum; 1963. M.Sc. Thesis.

Babiker MMA. Studies on the Plant Leptoadenia Heterophylla. University of Khartoum; 1996. M.Sc. Pharmacy.

Babiker MN. Pharmacological and Phytochemical Studies of Balanites Aegyptiaca L. University of Khartoum; 1983. M.V.Sc. Veterinary Science.

Babiker NA. Molluscicidal Activity of Some Sudanese Plants With Special Emphasis on Ziziphus Spina-Christi Dest. University of Gezira; 1995. M.Sc. Chemistry.

Baca CB. Stone worship among the Zaghawa. Sudan Notes and Records. 1918;1:187-309.

Bacon CRK. The Anuak. Sudan Notes and Records. 1922;5:113-129.

Bacon CRK. Poisoned Fish (Sobat-Pibor). Sudan Notes and Records. 1918;1:207.

Badi MH, Hakim AM. Cases of intracrannial haemorrgage: A history of head surgery in the Sudan - 450 BC-450 AD. Sudan Medical Journal.

Bagchi K, Yusuf B.  Sudan: Ministry of Health; 1973.

Bahi Al-Din I. Maqboul, Abd Al-Moniem I. Mustaafa. Studies on Baobab seed oil. Sudan Journal of Food Science and Technnology. 1979;11:15-20.

Bahi Al-Din I. Maqboul, Hasan A. Bur, Bakri H. Hasan. Research note on the quality of edible salt produced in Sudan. Sudan Journal of Food Science and Technnology. 1979;11:55-58.

Bahi Al-Din I. Maqboul, Lien HT. Tempeh, a soybean fermented food. Sudan Journal of Food Science and Technnology. 1977;9:24-26.

Baine H. Female Circumcision: Painful, Risky, and Little Girsl Beg for it. Washington Post National Weekly. 1985.

Baker SSW; Albert Nyanza. 1967.

Baker SSW; Ismailia. 1874.

Baker SSW; Nile Tributaries. In: Middleton D. Baker of the Nile. Falcon Press; 1949:77-105.

Baker SSW; The Nile Tributaries of Abyssinia and the Sword Hunters of the Hamran Arabs. London: MacMillan; 1867.

Bakheit ZN. Effect of Stage of Maturity on Seed Composition and Some Physiochemical Properties of Karkade Seed Oil (Hibiscus Sabdariffa L.). University of Khartoum; 1989. Ph.D. Agriculture.

Bakhiet AO. Comparative Effects on Chicks of Some Indigenous Plants. University of Khartoum; 1995. Ph.D. Pathology.

Bakhiet AO, Adam SEI. Effect of Ambrosia Maritima L. on Bovans-type Chicks. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants. 1996;4:51-60.

Bakhiet AO, Adam SEI. Response of Bovans Chicks to Low Dietary Levels of Linum Usitalissimum  Seeds. Veterinary and Human Toxicology. 1995;37:534-536.

Bakhiet AO, Adam SEI. Therapeutic Utility, Constituents and Toxicity of Some medicinal Plants: a Review. Veterinary and Human Toxicology. 1995;37:255-258.

Bakhiet AO, Adam SEI. Toxicity to Bovans Chicks of Cassia Italica Seeds. Phytotherapy Research. 1996;10:156-160.

Bakhiet AO, El Adam S. An Estimation of Citrullus Colocynthis Toxicity for Chicks. Veterinary and Human Toxicology. 1995;37:356-358.

Bakhiet ZA. Utilization of Karkade Seed Oil. AlBuhuth Scientific Journal. 1994;4:250-259.

Bakhieta Amin. Al-Zar. Majallat Huna Omdurman. 1956;42:24-25.

Bakhieta Amin. 'Awda lil Zar. Jaridat Al-Sahafa. July 7, 1973.

Bakhieta Amin. 'Awda Lil-Zar, the Zar Phenomenon: Experts point of view. Jaridat Al-Sahafa. 1973.

Bakhita Osman. Ahfad College Students' Assignments Reports; 1980.

Bakr Bagadi. Zar in the Hidjaz. In: The International Symposium on the Spiritual Dimension of Traditional African Medicine: January 11, 1988-January 13, 1988; Traditional Medicine Research Institue, Institute of African & Asian Studies, Khartoum and International African Institute, London.

Balabanova Radonova E, Khristova P. A Comparative Study of Laboratory Methods for the Preparation of Arabic Acid. Carbohydrate Polymers. 1984;4:85-8.

Balfour SA. Medical Education. Lancet. 1928;1:117.

Balfour SA. Sanitary Notes. Wellcome Research Laboratories Reports. 1911;4A:263.

Balfour SA. Sanitary Notes, Khartoum. Wellcome Research Laboratories Reports. 1908;3:60.

Balfour SA. Some Aspects of Tropical Sanitation. Wellcome Research Laboratories Reports. 1911;4A:249.

Balfour SA. Water Supply. J. Trop. Med. 1911;14:285.

Balfour SA. The Water Supply of Towns in the Tropics. Wellcome Research Laboratories Reports. 1908;4A:389.

Balghis Yusuf Badri; The process of getting married: change and continuity in Omdurman town. In. Symposium on  the Changing Status of Sudanese Women. Omdurman: Ahfad University for women; 1979.

Balghis Yusuf Badri; Sex, socialization and conjuagal roles in Omdurman. In: V. Pons, editor. Urbanization and Urban Life in the Sudan. Khartoum: Khartoum Development Studies and Research Centre, U.K.; 1980.

Balghis Yusuf Badri. The Sociology of Food in the Fetiehab Area. University of Khartoum; 1974. M.Sc. Thesis.

Band C, Harris H.  1975.

Banthorpe DV, Duprey RJH, Hassan M, Janes JF, Modawi BM. Chemistry of the Sudanese Flora. I. Essential Oils of some Cymbopogon Species.  Planta Medica. 1976;29:10-19.

Barakat SEM, Adam SEI, Maglad MA, Wasfi IA. Effects of Cissus Quadrangularis on Goats and Sheep in Sudan. Revue D'Elevage Et De Medicine Veterinaire Des Pays Tropicaux. 1985;38:185-194.

Barakat SEM, Wasfi IA, Adam SEI. The Toxicity of Aristolochia Bracteata in Goats. Veterinary Pathology. 1983;20:611-616.

Barber S, Medical Officer, Sawakin. Notes on Native remedies and surgery in Sawakin area (in reply to a request by Christopherson, J.B., letter dated 28 March 1908).  University of Durham, University Library, Palace Green Section, Palace Green, Durham, DH1 3RN, England: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections (Sudan Archive); 1908407/2/1 1-57.

Barbour KM. The People of Western Darfur. Majallat Al-Kulliya. 1953;2:23-32.

Barclay HB; Burri al Lamaab: a suburban village in the Sudan. Ithaca New York: Cornell University Press; 1964.

Barclay HB. Muslim Religious Practice in a Village Suburb of Khartoum. Muslim World. 1963:205-211.

Barclay HB. Muslim Religious Practices in a Village Suburb of Khartoum. Muslim World. 1963;53.

Barclay HB; Process in the Arab Sudan. Human Organization; 19??:43-48.

Barri ME, Adam SEI. The Toxicity of Crotalaria Saltiana to Calves. Journal of Comparative Pathology. 1981;91:621-627.

Barri ME, Adam SEI, Omer OH. Effects of Crotalaria Saltiana on Nubian Goats. Veterinary and Human Toxicology. 1984;26:476-80.

Barri ME, Onsa TO, El Awad AA, et al. Toxicity of Five Sudanese Plants to Young Ruminants. Journal of Comparative Pathology.  1983;93:559-75.

Barth H; Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa.

Bashir AK. Triterpene Saponins from Xeromphis Nilotica.  International Journal of Pharmacognosy. 1996;34:202-206.

Bashir AK, El Tohami MS. The Lipid Constituents of Cassia Nigricans. Journal of African Medicinal Plants. 1982;5:169-76.

Bashir AK, Ross MSF, Turner TD. The Alkaloid of Grewia Villosa Root. Fitoterapia. 1987;58:141-142.

Bashir AK, Ross MSF, Turner TD. The Alkaloid of Grewia Villosa Wild Root. International Symposium on Alkaloids and Anthraquinones of African Medicinal Plants: 1985.

Bashir AK, Ross MSF, Turner TD. Coumarins of Randia Nilotica. Fitoterapia. 1981;52:273-276.

Bashir AK, Ross MSF, Turner TD. HPLC Separation of Harman Alkaloids from Grewia Villosa and of Coumarins from Randia Nilotica. Fitoterapia. 1986;57:190-192.

Bashir AK, Ross MSF, Turner TD. Phytochemical Investigation of Grewia Villosa Roots: Part 1. Fitoterapia. 1982;53:67-70.

Bashir AK, Ross MSF, Turner TD. Phytochemical Investigation of Grewia Villosa Roots: Part II. Fitoterapia. 1982;53:71-73.

Bashir AK, Suliman SM, El Sheikh SH, El Kheir YM. Molluscicidal, Cercaricidal and Miracidicidal Activities of Acacia Nilotica Subsp. and Adansonia. Fitoterapia. 1987;58:51-56.

Bashir Hamad; Some Sociological and Mental Health Studies in Khartoum University Students. University of Khartoum; 1973.

Bashir IA. Phytochemical Studies and Allelopathic Effect of Volatile Oil of Eucalyptus Camaldulensis. University of Khartoum; 1996. M.Sc. Pharmacy.

Batrawi A.  Cairo; 1935.

Baxter D, editor; Women and the Environment. Khartoum: Institute of Environmental Studies, University of Khartoum.

Beam W. A Test for Hashish. Wellcome Research Laboratories Reports. 1911;4B:25-26.

Beam W. Wellcome Research Laboratories Reports. 1908;3:241.

Beasley IM. Letter to G.N. Hancock. 23/3/1945.

Beasley IM. Letter to The Governor of Kordofan. 1945 Sep 2.

Beasley IM. Letter to Montgomery, P. 5/12/1976.

Beasley IM. Account of a propaganda tour of Kordofan undertaken by Sitt Nafissa Awad Al-Karim. 657/4/73-74.

Beasley IM. Account of Amin Efendi Babikr's defence of pharaonic circumcision. 1942 June 29. 657/4/23-24.

Beasley IM. Against the mutilation of women. Women Speaking. 1981;5:Typescript in 204-12/64-66 Beasely Collection, Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections.

Beasley IM. Appendices I & II to unknown report of `female circumcision in the Sudan' and cicatrisation. 1939-49. 657/4/15-18.

Beasley IM; Before the Wind Changed: People, Places and Education in the Sudan. Janet Starkey, EditorLondon: O.U.P for The British Academy; 1992.

Beasley IM. Behind Sudan's veil: an account of I.B.'s life in the Sudan. The Townswoman. 1939;36:in Archive 658-8 Beasely Collection, Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections.

Beasley IM. By What measure? on the politics of female circumcision (with draft). n.d. 204/12/74-79.

Beasley IM. Circular letter to all Sudanese members of the Education Department urging them to work against female circumcision. 1945 April 28. 657/4/47.

Beasley IM. Collection of articles, chiefly from the British press, on female circumcision: history, tradition, extent of practice in the world, efforts to outlaw it, and need for parliamentary action in the U.K. 1979 April 10 - 1986 Mar. 204/13/1-23.

Beasley IM. Comments on the "Report on female circumcision" of Anti-Slavery Society, handwritten notes. Jun. 1976. 204/12/27-39.

Beasley IM. Copy of a note by I.B. on female circumcision given to A.M. Hancock, Asst. Civil Secretary with statistics of girls circumcised at the Girls' Intermediate School and the Girls' Training College. 1945 Feb 1-8. 657/4/29-34.

Beasley IM. Copy of the undertaking by mistresses on the Girls' Training College course to discourage female circumcision. 1945. 657/4/56-57.

Beasley IM. Cuttings from British newspapers on female circumcision. 1949. 657/4/262-269; 273-274.

Beasley IM; The Desert Rose. London: 1969:133-138.

Beasley IM. Draft ordinance on female circumsision presented to the third session of the Advisory Council for the Northern Sudan. 1945 Dec 31. 657/4/71-72.

Beasley IM. Female circumcision. 1944 Oct. 657/4/37.

Beasley IM. Female Circumcision. Women Speaking. 1976;4:Manuscript in 204-12/40-47 Beasely Collection, Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections.

Beasley IM. Instructions to headmistresses on teaching a lesson outlining the evils of female circumcision. 1947 November 3. 657/4/1-2.

Beasley IM. Letter in reply to Dr. Hellier's article. Journal of the Medical Women's Federation. In Archive: 658-11, Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections.

Beasley IM. List of school mistresses who signed the pledge against female circumcisioon. 1939-49. 657/4/3-8.

Beasley IM. Minutes of the fifth meeting of the Standing Committee on female circumcision. 1949 April 5. 657/4/257-261.

Beasley IM. Minutes of the first meeting of the Standing Committee on female circumcision. 1946 June 18. 657/4/125-127.

Beasley IM. Minutes of the meetings of the Standing Committee on female circumcision with related papers. 1946 and 1948. 657/4/128-202; 228-239.

Beasley IM; Nafisah fi'l-madrasah: qissah li'l-atfal. N. Ibrahim, TranslatorLondon, Cairo: 1949;0/139,534 Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections.

Beasley IM. Note by I.B. on female circumcision. 1945 March 21. 657/4/38-40.

Beasley IM. Note of class discussions held at the Girls' Training College on female circumcision and cicatrisation. 1944 Oct 21. 657/4/27-28.

Beasley IM. Note of resolutions on female circumcision passed by the Advisory Council for the Northern Sudan. 657/4/48.

Beasley IM. Note on investigations carried out in Britain into the possibility of undertaking a large scale propaganda drive in the Sudan against female circumcision; with related notes and correspondence. 1946 Jan 2. 657/4/62-70.

Beasley IM. Note on propaganda undertaken by the Education Department against female circumcision. 1945 August 17. 657/4/51-55.

Beasley IM. Note on the feasibility of starting a female circumcision clinic. 1947 May 29. 657/4/209-210.

Beasley IM. Notes of appreciation by the governors of Kordofan and Blue Nile Province for the propaganda tour by Sitt Nafissa Awad Al-Karim. 1946 March and May 6. 657/4/114-119.

Beasley IM. Papers concerning female circumcision. 1939-49. 657/4/1-274.

Beasley IM.  Beasley Personal Archives; 1949.

Beasley IM. Progress report on the campaign against female circumcision, with draft. 1949 March 9. 657/4/219-211; 247-256.

Beasley IM. Progress report on the propaganda campaign with draft handbills used to educate Sudanese women. 1946 Jan 24. 657/4/83-89.

Beasley IM. Record of a meeting held in the Civil Secretary's office to discuss the implemenation of the resolutions passed by the Advisory Council for the Northern Sudan. 1945 May 30. 657/4/59-50.

Beasley IM.  Beasley Personal Archives; 1944.

Beasley IM. Talk on female circumcision to be given to fourth year girls during hygiene lessons. 657/4/96-102.

Beasley IM. Talk on Female Circumcison to be given to 4th Year girls during hygiene lessons. Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collection:657-4/96-102.

Beasley IM. Translation of a speech against pharaonic circumcisiion made by Sayyid `Abd Al-Rahman at the conclusion of his annual marriage festival in Omdurman. 1944 July 17. 657/4/26.

Beasley IM. Translation of speech by Bushra Efendi against pharaonic circumcision. 1946 Mar 7. 657/4/103-108.

Beasley IM. Translation of the Mufti's fatwa concerning female circumcision. 1939 Dec. 2. 657/4/19-22.

Beasley IM. Typed notes on article by Lilian Sanderson on "Pharaonic Circumcision". n.d. 204/12/80-81.

Beasley IM. Typescript entitled "female Circumcision," based on I.B.'s 1976 report for the Anti-Slavery Society. Sep. 1976. 204/12/53-63.

Beasley IM. Wanted: A new sartor resartus. Women Speaking. 1978;4:Typescript in 204-12/40-47 Beasely Collection, Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections.

Beasley IM. Woman, why do you weep? Women Speaking. 1982:Typescript 204-12/67-68, Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections.

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Bebawi FF. A Review of Cultural Control of Stiga Hermonthica in Sudan. Third International Symposium on Parasitic Weeds: 1984; 145-155.

Bebawi FF, Awad AE, Sami Ahmad Khalid. Germination, Host Preference, and Phenolic Content of Witchweed (Stiga Hermonthica) Seed Populations. Weed Science. 1986;34:529-532.

Bebawi FF, Eplee RE. Efficacy of Ethylene as a Germination Stimulant of Striga Hermonthica Seed. Weed Science. 1984;34:694-698.

Bebawi FF, Eplee RE, Norris RS. Effects of Seed Size and Weight on Witchweed (Striga Asiatica) Seed Germination, emergence and Host-parasitization. Weed Science. 1984;32:202-205.

Bebawi FF, Hag GAE, El Hag GA. Nutritive Value of the Parasitic Weed Striga Hermontheca. Tropical Agriculture. 1983;60:44-47.

Bebawi FF, Khalid SA, Musselman LJ, Ransom JK, Worsham AD, Parker C. Effect of Urea Nitrogen on Stimulant Activity of Sorghum and Germination Capacity of Striga. International Symposium on Parasitic Weeds: June 24, 1991-June 30, 1991; Nairobi, Kenya. 145-155.

Bebawi FF, Mohammad SM. Effects of Irrigation Frequency on Germination on Root and Shoot Yields of Acacia Species. Plant and Soil. 1982;65:275-279.

Bebawi FF, Neugebohrn L. A Review of Plants of Northern Sudan With Special Reference to Their Uses. Khartoum: University of Khartoum; 1991.

Bebawi FF, Sami Ahmad Khalid, Musselman LJ. Effects of urea nitrogen on stimulant activity of Sorghum and germination capacity of Striga. Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Parasitic Weeds: Nairobi, Kenya. 1991.

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