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Paige KE. The Ritual of Circumcision. Human Nature. 1978:40-48.

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Panetta E; L'Italia in Africa, Studi Italiani di Etnologia e Folklore dell' Africa Orientale Italiana. Eritrea Etiopia Somalia. Roma: 1974.

Pankhurst R. Ethiopia's economic and cultural ties with the Sudan from the middle ages to the mid-nineteenth century. Sudan Notes and Records. 1975;56:53-94.

Pankhurst R. The history and traditional treatment of smallpox in Ethiopia. Medical History. 1965;9:343-55.

Parkyns M; Life in Abyssinia. London: 1843;2.

Paul A. The Mar of the Shilluk. Sudan Notes and Records. 1952;33(1):165-166.

Paul A. Notes on the Beni Amir. Sudan Notes and Records. 1948;31:223-245.

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Percy PF. Karkadeh in the Sudan. Sudan Journal of Food, Science and Technology. 1971;3:16-17.

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Petherick J; Egypt, the Soudan and Censtral Africa. London: 1861.

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Pieters G. Gynaecology at the Country of the Sewn Women. Acta Chirurgica Belgica. 1972.

Pieters G. On female genital mutilation in South Arabian Peninsula... Acta Chirurgica Belgica. 1972;71:173.

Pieters G, Lowenfels AB. Circumcision in South Arabian Peninsula... N.Y. St. J. Med. 1977;77:729.

Pieters G, Lowenfels AB. Infibulation in the Horn of Africa. N.Y. St. Med. J. 1977;77:729-31.

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Population Bureau. Female Circumcision Documents. London SW1: Eland House Stag Place.

Price JH. A bori dance in Accra. West African Review. 1957;28:20-4.

Pridie ED; Female Circumcision in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. In: Sudan Government Publication (Mc.C. 285); 1951;S.G. 1185 C.S. 5000 6/51:27-39.

Pridie ED; Medical Problems. In: de Hamilton JA, Editor. Sudan From Within.  part 5:358-376.

Pridie ED; Sudan Medical Service Reports. Khartoum: Mc Corquodale & Co.; 1933-1944.

Pridie ED, Lories AO, Cruickshank A, et al.; Female Circumcision in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Report to Sudan Government; 1945.

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