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S.H. The trial of a Jur "Witch-doctor". Sudan Notes and Records. 1929;12:99-101.

Sa'ad Al-Khadim. Al-Kharaz Al-Sha'bi wa Al-'Aqayyid Al-Murtabita bihi. Majallat Al-Funun Al-Sha'Biyya. 1968;Cairo.

Sa'ad Muhammad Hussein Ayoub, Kingston DGL. Screening of Plants Used in Sudan Folk Medicine for Anti-Cancer Activity (2). 1982.

Saddiq Muhammad Sulaiman. Al-Hirz: Wazifatuh Wa Aghraduh Wa Tuqus Isti'Khdamihi Fi Al-Sudan. =Institute of African & Asian Studies: University of Khartoum; 1983. M. Folklore Thesis.

Sadiq Khatmi Sadiq. Al-zar: dastur ya sayyadi. Majallat Al-'Asima. 1965;17:22-5.

Sadla Musa Ahmad. Zar in Somali Literature. In: The International Symposium on the Spiritual Dimension of Traditional African Medicine: January 11, 1988-January 13, 1988; Traditional Medicine Research Institue, Institute of African & Asian Studies, Khartoum and International African Institute, London.

Sagar JW. Notes on the History, Religion, and Customs of the Nuba. Sudan Notes and Records. 1922;5:137-156.

Sakina MY, Kharistova P, Sami Ahmad Khalid. Chemosystematic of Sudan Acacias. The Bulletin of the Mimosoide Society.

Salah Abu Bakr; Female circumcision in the Sudan: Anatomical considerations and the effects of vulvar mutilation on the nerve supply o the vulvar. In. Congress of Sudan Association of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Report. Khartoum: 1977.

Salah Al-Din Abd Al-Moula Mas'oud. Al-Fan Fi 'Ahd Al-Funj. Khartoum: College of Applied and Fine Arts; 1980-1981. B.A. Thesis.

Salah Al Din Farajalla. Medicinal Plants and Herbs in Traditional Medicine in Sudan. Medicinal Plants in Arab Countries: November 25, 1997-November 27, 1997.

Salah Al-Jirriq; B.A. Theses, Fine and Applied Arts Research Projects (1957-81). Khartoum: 1981: 1.

Salah Salim Hamada. Al-Khawariq Fi Al-Hikayya Al-Sha'Biyya. Khartoum: College of Applied and Fine Arts; 1979-1980. B.A. Thesis.

Salah T. Humoudi. The Arab and Islamic origins of the tomb and sacred enclave in the Sudan. Sudan Notes and Records. 1977;58:105-116.

Salakari H, Saarainen T, Luukanen O. Water Potential and Transpiration as Measures of Seedling Quality in Acacia Senegal. Sudan Silva. 1989;8:65-77.

Salama RB. Seed Oil of Hibiscus Sabdariffa. Sudan Journal of Food Science and Technology. 1979;11:10-14.

Salama RB. Sterols in the Seed Oil of Nigella Sativa. Planta Medica. 1973;24:375-7.

Salama RB, Ibrahim SA. Ergosterol in Hibiscus Sabdariffa Seed Oil. Planta Medica. 1979;36:221.

Salem IAM. Anthocyanin Pigments of "Karkade" (Hibiscus Sabdariffa): Characterization, Stability and Potential Uses. University of Gezira; 1998. M.Sc. Chemistry.

Salem IAM. Anthocyanin Pigments of "Karkade" (Hibiscus Sabdariffa): Characterization, Stability and Potential Uses. University of Gezira; 1998. M.Sc. Chemistry.

Salih AHA. Antimalarial and Antibacterial Activities of Azadirachta Indica (Neem) Leaves Extracts. University of Khartoum; 1998. M.Sc. Agriculture.

Salih AM. Screening of Pharmacological Active Agents. University of Khartoum; 1971. M.Sc. Pharmacy.

Salih AM, Bashir AK, Farouk A. Antibacterial Activity of Certain Sudanese Plants Used in Folkloric Medicine. International Symposium of Medicinal Plans, 5th Anti-Infective Agents of Higher Plant Origin: July 13, 1983-July 15, 1983; University of Ife, Nigeria.

Salih AAM. Studies on Medicinal Plants: Peganum Harmala and Lepidium Sativum. University of Khartoum; 1994. M.Sc. Veterinary Sciences.

Salih FA, Salih SH. Influence of Plant Spacing and Seed Size on Yield Components of Castor (Ricinus Communis L.) under Irrigation. Sudan Agriculuural Journal. 1987;12:4-17.

Salih FIM, Abdel Wahab OE. Utilization of Roselle (Hibiscus Subdariffa) Seed Meal in Diets for Growing Broiler Chickens. The Sudan Journal of Animal Production. 1990;3:101-108.

Salih HM. Alkaloidal Content of Certain Solanum Species. University of Khartoum; 1979. M.Sc. Pharmacy.

Salih MH. Investigation of the Alkaloidal Content of Certain Solanum Species. University of Khartoum; 1979. M.Sc. Pharmacy.

Salih OM, Nour AM. Nutritional Quality of Uncultivated Cereal Grains Utilised as Famine Foods in Western Suan as Measured by Chemical Analysis. Journal Sceince, Food and Agriculture. 1992;58:417-424.

Salih SMA. Comparative Studies of Kawal (Cassis Obtusifolia) and Guar (Cyamop-Sis-Tetragono-Lobus) Mucilages and Their Uses As Textile Thickeners. University of Gezira; 1996. M.Sc. Chemistry.

Salih WM. Some Pharmacological Aspects of Hibiscus Sabdariffa. University of Khartoum; 1989. M.V.Sc.

Salih YM, Idris OF, Wahbi AGA, Yousif AA. Toxicity of Capparis Tomentosa to Sheep and Goats. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Research. 1980;2:13-21.

Salim AIR, Karrar HA. Antibacterial substances extracted from Acacia arabica. Sudan Medical Journal. 1968;6:147-77.

Salim AR, Karrar MA. Antibacterial Substances Extracted from Acacia Arabica. Sudan Medical Journal. 1968;6:174-177.

Salim RA. Effect of Bed Type and Spacing on Growth and Oil Contents of Two Mint Cultivars. University of Khartoum; 1997. M.SC. Agriculture.

Salman AA. Phytochemical Study of Molluscicidal Activity of Khaya Senegalensis. University of Khartoum; 1997. M.Sc. Chemistry.

Salwa Abd Al-Hadi. Ahfad College Students' Assignments Reports; 1979.

Salwa Abd Al-Mageed. Ahfad College Students' Assignments Reports.

Salwal A.I. Al Amin, Salah AI, Ahmad A. Muhammadian, Ali B. Habbour. Ficus Sycomorus Extract in Treatment of Oral Fungal Disease in Children. Medicinal Plants in Arab Countries: November, 1997; Khartoum. Medicinal and Aromatic Herbs Research Institute, the National Centre for Research; 25-27.

Sami Ahmad Khalid. Anticariogenic Activity of Salvadora Persica. The 6th NAPRECA Symposium on Natural Products Research and Development: 1985; Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Sami Ahmad Khalid. The antimalarial agents of Khaya senegalensis. J. Nat. Prod.

Sami Ahmad Khalid; The Chemistry of Burseraceae. Chapter in: Waterman PG, Groundon MF, editors. Chemistry and Taxonomy of the Rutales. Academic Press; 1983:281-299.

Sami Ahmad Khalid. Medicinal plants used in oral health care: a review. International Journal of Crude Drug Research.

Sami Ahmad Khalid; Abegaz B, editor. Structural elucidation of some African Rutaceous alkaloids; an integrated spectroscopical approach.  Proceedings of the International Symposium on Alkaloids and Anthraquinones of African Medicinal Plants. 1985:39-55.

Sami Ahmad Khalid. Traditional Medicine: a vital role in promoting health. Sudanow. 1991;16:35.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Al-Maqboul AZ, Bashir AK, Salih AK, Farouk A. The antimicrobial agents of Vernonia amygdalina. J. Antimicrob. Chemother.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Ali AA, Bashir AK. The abortifacient activity of Momordica balsamina. International Journal of Crude Drug Research.  

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Babiker WO, Homeida MMA, Ali HM. Tannins-ampicillin interaction in healthy male adults. J. Antimicrob. Chemother.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Duddeck H, Gonzalez-Sierra M. Isolation and Characterization of the antimalarial agent of the Neem tree, Azadirachta indica. Journal of Natural Products. 1989;52:922-927.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Edris OM, Mahgoub SO, Khalid AS. Characterization of Sudanese Acacia senegal gum of various ages. International Journal of Crude Drug Research.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Gellert M, Szendrei K, Duddeck H. Prunetin-5-o-a-Glucopyranoside, a novel islfavone from Peduncle of Prunus avium and P. cerasus. Phytochemistry. 1989;28:1560-1561.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Hasan T, Farouk A, Wadi M. The chemical basis of the antimicrobially active fractions of Sudanese bee honey. International Journal of Crude Drug Research.

Sami Ahmad Khalid., Khaflaflla EB, Mohamed OY. The Favonoids of Salmnostemma Argel and their Antispasmodic Activity. Planta Medica. 1992;58:65.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Khalid AS, Awouda EM. Introduction of Good Manufacturing Practice into Gum Arabic. International Journal of Crude Drug Research.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Khalifa BA, Adam SEI. The isolation and structure determination of the toxic agent of Acanthothermum hispidum. Planta Medica.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Mustafa AF, Geary TG, Jensen JB. Potential antimalarial candidates from African plants: an in vitro approach using Plasmodium falciparum. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 1986;15:201-209.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Nour Al-din A, Phillipson. A Novel Dihydronaphthalene from Guirea senegalensis. J. Am. Chem. Soc.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Sulaiman SM. Preliminary investigation on some Sudanese plant extract acting as larvicidal agents on Schistosomes. Chemioterapia. 1985;2:644-645.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Szendrei K, Novak I. Coumarin glycosides from Peucedanum ostruthium. Phytochemistry. 1975;14:1461-1462.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Szendrei K, Novak I. Studies on Sudanese plants. I. Solenostemma arghel Hayne. Herba Hungarica. 1974;13:33-35.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Szendrei NK, Istaran N. Sudanese Plants 1: Solenostemma Argel. Herba Hung. 1974;B:33.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Varga E, Szendrei K, Duddeck H. Isolation of Lanosta-9(11), 24-dien-3a-yl acetate from Leuzea carthamoides. Journal of Natural Products. 1989;52:1136-1138.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Waterman PG. 6-Hydroxymethyldihydronitidine from Fagaropsis angolensis. Journal of Natural Products. 1985;48:118-119.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Waterman PG. 8-C-Prenylflavonoids from the seed of Tephrosia bracteolata. Phytochemistry. 1981;20:1719-1720.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Waterman PG. Alkaloid, lignan and flavonoid constituents of Haplophyllum tuberculatum from Sudan. Planta Medica. 1981;43:148-152.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Waterman PG. Alkaloids from stem barks of Oricia renieri and Oricia gabonensis. Phytochemistry. 1981;20:2761-2763.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Waterman PG. The chemical constituents of Diosma pilosa.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Waterman PG. Coumarins and flavonoids of Diosma pilosa. Phytochemistry. 1983;22:16.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Waterman PG. Furoquinoline and pyrano-2-quinolone alkaloids of Vepris stolzii. Journal of Natural Products. 1982;45:343-346.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Waterman PG. Thonningine-A and thonningine-B: Two 3-phnylcoumarins from the seeds of Millettia thonningii. Phytochemistry. 1983;22:1001-1003.

Sami Ahmad Khalid, Yagi SM, Khristova P, Duddeck H. (+)-Catechin-5-Galloyl ester as a novel natural polyphenol from the bark of Acacia nilotica of Sudanese origin. Planta Medica. 1989;55:556-558.

Sami IR. Female Circumcision with Special Reference to the Sudan. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics. 1986;6:99-115.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn. African plants used for the improvement of drinking water. Curare. 1979;2:183-199.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn. Attempts to improve the traditional clay jars for water storage by insertion of plastic taps. Progr. Wat. Techn. 1979;2:426.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn. The Importance of the "Bennut Tree" for African Native Medicine and Purification of Drinking Water. Pharm in Unserer Zeit. 1979;8:54-60.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn; Proper use of African natural coagulants for rural water supplies: Research in the Sudan and a guide for new projects. Germany: GTZ; 1986;Schriftenreihe der GTZ, No. 191.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn; Sudanese native methods for the purification of Nile water during the flood season. In: Toubier J, Pierson RW, editors. Biological Control of Water Pollution. Pennsylvania, U.S.A.: University of Pennsylvania Press; 1976: Ch. 13:95-106.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn; Traditional water purification in tropical developing countries: existing methods and potential application. Postfach5180, D-6236 Eschborn 1: German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ); 1981.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn, Abd Allah Husein Omar. How to manufacture equipment for improved traditional water treatment and water storage from local materials. 1981;Unpublished.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn, Abd Allah Husein Omar. Improved traditional clay water jars. Waterlines. 1985;4:25-27.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn, Abd Allah Husein Omar. Traditional water clarification methods using scientific observation to maximize efficiency. Waterlines. 1984;2:27-28.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn, Hamid Dirar. Studies on natural coagulants in the Sudan with special reference to Moringa oleiffera seeds. Water SA. 1979;5:90-97.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn, Hamid Dirar; Traditional methods of water purification in Riverain Sudan in relation to geographic and socio-economic conditions. In: Germany, Bonn: Erdkunde; 1977;31:120-130.

Samia Al-Azharia Jahn, Hamid Dirar; Traditional water purification in tropical developing countries -- existing methods and potential application (manuals). In: Germany, Eschborn: GTZ; 1981;Publication No. 117.

Samia Al-Hadi Al-Naqar. Socio-cultural context of zar in Omdurman. In: The International Symposium on the Spiritual Dimension of Traditional African Medicine: January 11, 1988-January 13, 1988; Traditional Medicine Research Institue, Institute of African & Asian Studies, Khartoum and International African Institute, London.

Samia Al-Hadi Al-Naqar. Spirit Possession and Social Change in Omdurman. Unpublished: University of Khartoum; 1973. M.Sc. Thesis.

Samia Al-Hadi Al-Naqar; Zar Practitioners and Their Assistants and Followers in Omdurman. In: Pons VG, editor. Urbanization and Urban Life in the Sudan. Khartoum and Hull: University of Khartoum, Development Studies and Research Centre; 1980:672-88.

Samia Al-Hadi Al-Naqar, Pitamber S, Nouh I; Synopsis of the female circumcision research findings. Khartoum: Bibiker Badri Scientific Association for Women Studies; 1994.

Samiya Haydar Al-Shaikh. Al-Washm Wa Al-Zakharif Al-Jasadiyya. Khartoum: College of Applied and Fine Arts; 1978-1979. B.A. Thesis.

Sanderson GN. Sudan Notes and Records as a Vehicle of Research on the Sudan. Sudan Notes and Records. 1964;45:164-169.

Sanderson LP; Against the mutilation of women: The struggle against unnecessary suffering. London, U.K.: Ithaca Press; 1981.

Sanderson LP, Editor; Female genital excision and infibulation: Female circumcision. Report. Workshop on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children in Africa. Nairobi: 1985.

Sanderson LP. Handwritten and typed notes on the report of a conference held in Khartoum on the "Eradication of female circumcision", 21-24 Oct 1984. Nov 1984. 204/12/69-73.

Sanderson LP. Pharaonic Circumcision: Politics, Education and Cultural Intransigence in the Sudan. In. 180 Brixton Road, London SW9 6AT.

Sankaran B. General overview on the state of traditional medicine. In: WHO Inter-Country Meeting on Traditional Mediciine: March, 1983; Khartoum. Unpublished.

Sante P, Hill RL, Translators and Editors; The Europeans in the Sudan 1834-1878. Clarendon Press; 1980.

Sargant W; Battle for the Mind. London: Heinemann; 1957.

Sargant W. The mechanism of conversion. British Medical Journal. 1951:311-61.

Sargant W; The Mind Possessed. London: Heinemann; 1973.

Sargant W. The Physiology of Faith. Brit. J. Psychiat. 1969;115:505-18.

Sargant W. Some Cultural Group Abreactive Techniques and Their Relation to Modern Treatment. Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 1949:p. 367.

Sargant W. Witchdoctoring Zar and Voodo; Their Relation to Modern Psychiatric Treatment. Proc. R. Soc. Med. Get. 1967;60:47-52.

Sary Al-Din M, Ibrahim AE. Meat hygiene in the Sudan: Bacterial contamination of fresh meats. Sudan Journal of Food Science and Technnology. 1977;9:27-35.

Satti AAM. Biochemical Aspects of Snuff Dipping in Sudan. University of Khartoum; 1990. M.Sc. Biochemistry.

Saunders LW; Variants in zar experience in an Egyptian village. In: Crapanzano V, Garrison V, editors. Case Studies in Spirit Possession. New York: Wiley; 1977:177-91.

Sawsan Awad Yusuf Sherif. The Prevalence of Circumcision Among Girl Students in Khartoum University. University of Khartoum; 1984.

Sayyid Hamid Hurreiz. 'Adat Al-Zawaj wa Al-Milad wa Al-Moat fi Awasit Al-Sudan. Majallat Al-Hayat. 1967;11.

Sayyid Hamid Hurreiz. Al-Thaqafa Al-Sudaniyya wa Dirasat Al-Turath Al-Sha'bi Al-Sudani. Majallat Al-Dirasat Al-Sudaniyya. 1968;1:60-75.

Sayyid Hamid Hurreiz. Birth, Marriage, Death and Initiation Customs and Beliefs in the Central Sudan. Leeds University; 1966. Ph. D. Thesis.

Sayyid Hamid Hurreiz. Da'wa Ila Tawzif Al-Turath Al-Sha'bi. Majallat Al-Khartoum. 1974;6:6-10.

Sayyid Hamid Hurreiz; Juzur Al-Adab Al-Sha'bi fi Al-Sudan. Sudan Research Unit; 1975.

Sayyid Hamid Hurreiz. Kitabat Al-Nusus Al-Sha'biyya. Majallat Al-Dirasat Al-Sudaniyya. 1969;1:127-139.

Sayyid Hamid Hurreiz. The relevance of oral tradition to the history of science. In: International Symposium for the History of Arabic Science: April 1, 1976; Institute for the History of Arabic Science, University of Aleppo. 55-61.

Sayyid Hamid Hurreiz. Rites of Passage in Central Sudan. Leeds: 1965-1966.

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Sayyid Hamid Hurreiz; Zar as Ritual Psychodrama. Lewis IM, Ahmad Al-Safi, Sayyid Hamid Hurreiz, editors. Women's Medicine: The Zar-Bori Cult in Africa and Beyond. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press; 1991:147-155.

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Schienerl PW. Kameldarstellungen im agyptischen Schmuck-und Amulettwesen. Archiv Fur Volkerkunde. 1979;33:137-56.

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Seif El Din AG, Zarroug M. Production and Commercialization of Gum Arabic in Sudan. International Conference on Non-Wood Forest Products (9) Domestication and Commercialization of Non-Timber Forest Products in Agroforstry Systems: Nairobi, Kenya.

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Seligman BZ. On the Origin of Egyptian Zar. Folklore. 1914;25:300-23.

Seligman CG, Seligman BZ; Pagan Tribes of the Nilotic Sudan. London: Routledge; 1932.

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Seligman CG. Aspects of the Hamitic problems in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. J. Roy. Anthrop. Inst. 1913;40:593.

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Seligman CG. Dreams (correspondence). Sudan Notes and Records. 1920;6:254.

Seligman CG. Notes on dreams. Sudan Notes and Records. 1920;3:156-161.

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